|A group of Afghan children plays on the north shores of Lesvos, shortly after they and their parents arrived in a rubber dinghy on March 1.|
LESVOS, Greece - Refugees arriving on the island of Lesvos on Sunday told stories suggesting that the Turkish government had co-opted smugglers in its policy of ushering asylum-seekers west.
A group of 28 Syrians and people of several African nationalities sat on the beach near the Mytilene airport under the watchful eye of police, waiting to be taken for registration.
“I was in church with my wife, and the smugglers came to church and told us that if we wanted to go to Greece we could get on a boat for free. And we went with him to the beach and got on the boat,” a Congolese man told Al Jazeera without stating his name.
A man from Sierra Leone happened to be walking past the beach at the time. “I asked if I could go and they said ‘you can go’. I didn’t have to pay anything,” he said.
The rubber dinghy the men had arrived in was bobbing in the shallows. Police had removed its outboard engine.
These experiences suggest that Turkish smugglers have been co-opted to pursue a government policy of pushing people west, but it’s unclear who is paying the smugglers.
By Sunday evening, more than 500 people had arrived on Greece’s eastern Aegean islands of Samos, Chios and Lesbos, in 13 separate boats, and rescue operations were ongoing.
It was a significant rise on the 151 who had arrived by boat on Saturday, and the first day of significant arrivals since Turkey opened its borders towards Europe on Thursday night.
Sunday’s ramped up arrivals on Lesvos weren’t enough to create a logistical problem for the authorities, but they were enough to make some of the people of Lesvos anxious that they may once again face the type of uncontrolled refugee flows experienced in 2015.
Much has changed since then. Germany is no longer opening its doors to undocumented asylum-seekers, and there is a barbed wire fence stetching across Greece’s northern border. The European Union’s Relocation programme, under which other EU states took on some of Greece’s asylum-processing burden, is gone. This time refugees will have nowhere to go but Greece.
Some local residents blocked police vehicles from Moria camp, where new arrivals are normally registered. Others massed at the small fishing harbour of Thermi to prevent refugees from disembarking from a dinghy the coast guard had towed there.
Residents of Lesvos are not just angry that Turkish president Recep Tayyip Erdogan has attempted to weaponise refugees by directing them towards Europe. They are angry at the Greek government for not having a more effective policy, after coming to power last July promising to put migration under control.
Part of the New Democracy government’s harder refugee policy has been to allow their numbers to build up on the islands as a way of discouraging further arrivals. Their numbers on the islands of Lesvos, Chios, Leros, Kos and Samos, which have reception centres, have more than doubled since the election eight months ago to 42,000.
“The government talked about evacuating people, and instead they’ve allowed people to pile up. Our quality of life has not improved,” municipal councillor Tasis Balis told Al Jazeera. “We can’t use the hospital as we did before. We don’t have the personnel and equipment to pick up the extra rubbish. When refugees queue up at the ATM we can’t get to it.”
The government is trying to cycle people off the islands by speeding up their asylum processing. It has drawn a line under all the applications filed last year, and has asked the Asylum Service to process all new ones in under two months, in an effort to send rejected applicants back to Turkey as quickly as they arrive.
This has created unhappiness among older applicants and caused them to riot earlier this year. “We had an interview this month, 26 February, but they don't take interview. They say we only take interview from people from this year and we have an interview in ten months,” Abdul Habib, an Afghan man, told Al Jazeera. He and his wife and two underage sons are living in a tent pitched in an olive grove at Moria camp.
It is also now anyone’s guess whether Turkey will honour its word to receive returnees, given the new political climate. Turkey and the EU signed a mutual exchange of illicit migrants in March 2016.
Even those who receive asylum have to wait to leave Lesvos. Safir and his family qualified for asylum because he worked as a security guard for US forces in Afghanistan. “We’ve all received asylum. We’re just waiting for the tickets to leave. We’ve been waiting two months,” he said.